History : Jun-Jul 2015
GEORGESTEINMETZ/CORBIS/CORDONPRESS THE WINDING JAMES RIVER To elude Spanish raiders the colony of Jamestown was established 35 miles from the sea. To avoid antagonizing the Indians, the colonists took the uninhabited, mosquito-ridden marsh on a river bend where salt water from the sea met waste from upstream, making the water filthy. 1612 The colony receives a new charter that introduces a tyrannical military regime. It also sees the arrival of the tobacco seeds that will transform its fortunes. 1619 Elections are held for representatives at a general assembly modeled on England’s Parliament. The attending burgesses debate and pass laws for the colony.