History : Apr-May 2015
HISTORY NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC 45 THE SEVEN WONDERS LOOKANDLEARN/BRIDGEMAN/NDEXPRISMAALBUM 2. the mausoleum at halicarnassus in asia minor MAUSOLUS, the ruler of Caria in the fourth century b.c., hoped to attain immortality by building a vast funerary monument for his eternal rest. The dictionary proves that he did indeed achieve a degree of immortality: “mausole- um” is still synonymous with a stately resting place. The tomb took 20 years to complete, and it stood at approximately 148 feet high. The four levels of the monument were decorated with reliefs by renowned Greek sculptors such as Scopas, whose friezes can be seen today in the British Museum. Crowning the pyramid-shaped roof of this first mausoleum was the impressive sculpture of a quadriga, a chariot pulled by four horses. A Lasting Legacy The mausoleum survived in quite good condition until the 14th century, when a quake destroyed it. The Knights of St. John of Jerusalem used its stone to reinforce their fortress in 1522. But its influence continued, and it is featured in architectural drawings, such as this one from the 16th century. A STATUE OF MAUSOLUS, ONE OF THE FEW SURVIVING ELEMENTS OF THE MAUSOLEUM AT HALICARNASSUS. THIS DRAWING SHOWS HOW THE MAUSOLEUM AT HALICARNASSUS MIGHT HAVE LOOKED AFTER IT WAS BUILT, CROWNED BY A MAGNIFICENT SCULPTURE OF A QUADRIGA.