History : Aug-Sep 2015
GLADIATORS were forced to fight ferocious wild animals to entertain bloodthirsty crowds in Rome. Spartacus turned the tables on the republic by leading his slave army on a three-year rebellion. VOL. 1 NO. 3 Features 20 The Ashes of Alexandria’s Library The Library of Alexandria was the classical world’s greatest source of learning. By accident and arson nothing now survives but a mystery. 32Tough Justice of the World’s First Lawmakers We take the rule of law for granted, but 4,000 years ago the warrior kings of Mesopotamia laid the first foundations of today’s legal system. 42 Putting your Faith in Medicine or Miracles? This was the dilemma facing the sick in ancient Greece as superstition gave way to science and the world moved toward modern healthcare. 52 Spartacus and the Great Gladiator War With 70,000 slaves rampaging around Italy, Rome faced a dire threat that its famed legions struggled to contain. 64 Genghis Khan, Conqueror of Empire Through military might and pure terror Genghis Khan’ Mongols founded history’s largest ever land empire. 78 The Cherokee’s Survival Strategy Pressed by European incursion the Cherokee adopted Western ways to withstand their oppressors. SEQUOYAH OF THE CHEROKEE WITH THE WRITTEN LANGUAGE HE CREATED Departments 4 NEWS 6WORK OF ART 8 PROFILES When Cortés set out to conquer Aztec Mexico his best weapon was a woman, La Malinche. Her words helped turn Aztecs into Spanish allies. 12 DAILY LIFE Egyptians loved their pets so much that they not only pampered them in this life but also paid big money to ensure their companionship in the next. 16 MILESTONES Driven by the lure of lucrative trade goods, Spanish sailors tried to find a route from Asia to America. All failed until a friar took the tiller. DISCOVERIES Finding people on Easter Island was surprising; finding a thousand stone heads was astounding.