History : Mar-Apr 2016
HISTORY NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC 69 KEEPING PIRATES AT BAY Started in the late 16th century, the Castillo de Los Tres Reyes del Morro formed part of Havana’s complex defenses against pirate attacks. The Cuban port both sheltered the Spanish treasure fleet before its return to Spain, and protected the vital shipping lanes between Cuba and Florida. MASSIMO RIPANI/FOTOTECA 1717 King George I of Britain issues a decree to eradicate piracy, in which he offers a royal pardon to those who give up criminal activities. 1718 Blackbeard dies in combat when his ship is attacked off the coast of North Carolina by Lt. Robert Maynard’s forces. 1720 Calico Jack is hanged in Jamaica. Two years later, Black Bart dies in a British attack, drawing the golden age to a close. 1724 Charles Johnson (perhaps a pseudonym of Daniel Defoe) publishes A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the Most Notorious Pyrates.