History : Nov-Dec 2016
WATERCOLOR:JEAN-CLAUDEGOLVIN.MUSÉEDÉPARTEMENTALARLESANTIQUE.©ÉDITIONSERRANCE 9 4 8 5 7 6 3 Public Plaza Alongside Herod’s palace, a public plaza or market in the style of a Roman forum was constructed and surrounded by three columned porticoes. 5 Temple In 20 b.c. Herod began renovating the old Temple that had been built in the sixth century b.c. following the return of the Jewish exiles from Babylon. 7 Wall The great wall of Herod’s Temple was built with giant blocks of stone. The lower section of the Western Wall is all that remains today. 9 Theater A lover of classical culture, Herod built a large theater in the upper part of the city where plays by Greek and Latin writers were performed. 4 Antonia Tower Constructed in 37 b.c. and named by Herod in honor of Mark Antony, the fortress housed a Roman garrison and was the Praetorian Guard’s headquarters. 6 Esplanade Situated on Mount Moriah, this commercial space, some 1,500 feet in length, was flanked with columns. It was open to both Jews and Gentiles. 8 Basilica This building situated to the south of the Temple esplanade may have been the meeting place of the Sanhedrin—the supreme Jewish council. Hippodrome Following the classical urban model a great hippodrome was erected in the lower zone of the city, where chariot-racing events took place.