History : Jan-Feb 2018
Temple of Hadrian (2nd century a.d.) Horologium (1st century b.c .) Altar of Faustina Minor (2nd century a.d.) Altar of Faustina Major (2nd century a.d.) ROME AT THE BEGINNING OF THE FOURTH CENTURY. MANY OF ITS KEY MONUMENTS CAN BE SEEN HERE, INCLUDING HADRIAN’S PANTHEON AT ITS HEART. THE ILLUSTRATION IS BASED ON A MODEL DESIGNED BY ARCHITECT ITALO GISMONDI, ON DISPLAY AT ROME’S MUSEUM OF ROMAN CIVILIZATION. Mausoleum of Augustus (1st century b.c.) agrippa, the son-in-law of augustus, constructed the first Pantheon in the Field of Mars. Situated in a bend of the Tiber River outside the old city walls, the Field of Mars had long been used as an exercise ground, and until Augustus’ time, was largely free of structures. Agrippa’s decision to erect the temple next to the traditional site where Romulus, Rome’s mythological founder, became a god, shows a clear intention to unite the cult of Augustus to that of Rome’s founder. Although Augustus resisted this potentially inflammatory act, the symbolic importance of the building was plain: a straight line could be drawn from it to Augustus’ mausoleum, which he began building in 28 b.c. to house his remains. Other, early imperial structures on the Field of Mars, also intended to exalt the figure of Augustus, included the Horologium, a monumental sundial. Its gnomon (shadow-caster) was an Egyptian obelisk taken by Augustus from Heliopolis. A SYMBOLIC SITE 1.