History : May-Jun 2018
4 NEWS China’s first emperor sought the secret of eternal life, as revealed by newly deciphered messages from the third century b.c. 6 ENIGMAS Legend says a rabbi brought a golem to life in Prague to protect the city’s Jews in the 1500s. This story would grow and inspire future fantastic tales, like Frankenstein. 10 WORK OF ART After bombs rained terror on Guernica in 1937, Picasso’s depiction of the horror delivered a searing denunciation of war. 90 DISCOVERIES The somber monuments of Tiwanaku in Bolivia have puzzled travelers for centuries. In the 1800s, scholars began to unlock their secrets to reveal a once thriving culture. 14 Phoenicia’s Purple Reign The Phoenicians built a Mediterranean trade empire through its most valuable commodity: a precious purple dye worth its weight in gold. 26 The Mystery Tombs of Philip II The 1977 discovery of treasure-filled tombs in Greece lifted the lid on the life and death of Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great. 36 Roman Women on the Rise As Rome turned from republic to empire, Roman women found new roles opening up to them in commerce and politics. 48 Alchemy’s Golden Age Shrouded in secrecy and ritual, alchemy sought to marry spirituality to science in the 1600s. 62 Victory at Puebla On May 5, 1862, the outgunned, outmanned Mexicans were expected to lose to the French at the Battle of Puebla, but they won. Their surprise upset is celebrated every May. 74 New York City Hits the Heights Manhattan’s skyscrapers grew taller and taller at the turn of the 20th century, setting world records in a race to the top. Features Departments VOL.4NO.1 PHILIP II OF MACEDON, CHIARAMONTI MUSEUM, VATICAN VOL.4NO.2 SECOND TRY A year after their shocking defeat at Puebla on May 5, 1862, French forces return to attack the city, as depicted in this 1867 painting by J.-A. Beaucé.