History : May-Jun 2019
FROM KARNAK TO LUXOR Mystery surrounds the rituals that were undertaken once the barks arrived in procession at the Temple of Luxor. The illustration depicts Opet during or after the reign of Ramses II. The barks of Amun, Mut, and Khons have passed through Ramses’ monumental first pylon into the first court. From here, it is believed the procession entered the second court, and from there made its way into the innermost sanctuary for secret and sacred rituals. 1 Avenue of Sphinxes In the early iterations of Opet under Queen Hatshepsut, the barks arrived at Luxor along this avenue lined with sphinxes. Later, the barks made the round-trip to and from Luxor by river. 2 The first court The illustration shows the Temple of Luxor’s first court, built by Ramses II. On the northwest side of the court stood the triple shrine where the bark of Amun would be placed. 3 The sacred barks At first, only Amun was borne to Luxor. This depiction shows how Opet evolved to include not only the bark of Amun but also the barks of Mut and Khons. 4 The populace The spectacle inspired awe in the public. Ordinary Egyptians were admitted to the outer courts to take part in the offerings of food, which was later distributed among them.